Ireland`s ambassador to the US, Daniel Mulhall, notes that Irish Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Micheã¡l Martin recently said that a decision by the British government to trigger Article 16 that would suspend the EU-UK deal on the Irish border would be “unattainable and irresponsible. This could undermine the entire EU-UK trade agreement and lead to high tensions between Ireland and the UK.Â In addition to the number of signatories[Note 1], Stefan Wolff cites the following similarities and differences between the issues addressed in the two agreements: As part of the agreement, it was proposed to build on the already existing BRITANNICO-Irish interparliamentary body. Prior to the agreement, the body consisted solely of parliamentarians from the British and Irish parliaments. In 2001, as proposed in the agreement, it was extended to parliamentarians from all members of the British-Irish Council. After the ceasefire, talks began between the main political parties in Northern Ireland to reach a political agreement. These talks culminated in the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. This agreement restored self-government in Northern Ireland on the basis of “power-sharing”. In 1999, an executive composed of the four main parties, including Sinn Féin, was formed. Other important changes include reforming the RUC, which was renamed the Northern Ireland Police Service and had to recruit at least 50% Catholics for ten years, and the abolition of diplock courts under the Justice and Security (Northern Ireland) Act 2007.  The agreement provided for the establishment of an independent commission to examine police provisions in Northern Ireland “including ways to promote broad community support” for these arrangements.
The UK government has also committed to a “wide-ranging review” of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland. During negotiations on the UK`s planned withdrawal from the European Union in 2019, the EU produced a position paper on its concerns about the UK`s support for the Good Friday Agreement during Brexit. The position paper covers issues such as the avoidance of a hard border, North-South cooperation between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the birthright of all northern Irish residents (as defined in the agreement) and the common travel area.   Anyone born in Northern Ireland and therefore entitled to an Irish passport under the Good Friday Agreement can retain EU citizenship even after Brexit.  Under the European Union`s Brexit negotiating directives, the UK was asked to convince other EU members that these issues had been raised in order to enter the second phase of Brexit negotiations. Our nation is and remains a nation with 32 counties. Antrim and Down are and will remain as much a part of Ireland as any county in the south.  Political parties in Northern Ireland in favour of the agreement were also invited to consider the creation of an independent consultation forum representing civil society, whose members have expertise in social, cultural, economic and other fields and are appointed by both administrations. A framework for the North-South Consultation Forum was agreed in 2002 and in 2006 the Northern Ireland Executive agreed to support its establishment. The 1998 Good Friday Agreement provided a framework for a political settlement in Northern Ireland, which focused on power-sharing between unionists and nationalists. It was signed by the British and Irish governments, as well as four of Northern Ireland`s main political parties: Sinn Fein, the Ulster Unionist Party, the Social Democratic and Labour Party and the Alliance Party.
Of the main parties, only the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) abstained. Although the agreement confirms that Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, it provides that Ireland could be united if it is supported by a majority vote in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. In recent days, both Mr Blair and Irish Taoiseach Bertie Ahern have travelled to Belfast to take part in the talks and the agreement was finally announced by George Mitchell on the afternoon of 10 April 1998. The multi-party agreement required the parties to “use any influence they might have” to proceed with the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of the referendums approving the agreement. The standardisation process committed the BRITISH government to reducing the number and role of its armed forces in Northern Ireland “to a level compatible with a normal peaceful society”. These included the removal of security arrangements and the lifting of special emergency powers in Northern Ireland. The Irish government has committed to a “full review” of its violations of state law. The Bush administration was less involved in relations with Northern Ireland. However, the Bush administration, through the first two special envoys, Richard Haass and Mitchell Reiss, had a significant impact on Northern Ireland under the deal. Both had a tough approach to Sinn Fein and a much better understanding of trade unionism than their predecessors. This understanding was crucial to the issue of dismantling and policing in 2005, which was achieved through the withdrawal of Sinn Fein donation visas and contributed to the realisation of the famous Sinn Fein DUP agreement on which Northern Ireland now relies. The direct London regime ended in Northern Ireland when power was formally transferred to the new Northern Ireland Assembly, the North-South Council of Ministers and the British-Irish Council when the regulations entering into force of the British-Irish Agreement entered into force on 2 December 1999.
   Article 4(2) of the United Kingdom-Ireland Agreement (Agreement between the British and Irish Governments implementing the Belfast Agreement) required both governments to notify each other in writing that the conditions for the entry into force of the United Kingdom-Ireland Agreement were fulfilled. Entry into force should take place upon receipt of the last of the two communications.  The British government agreed to attend a televised ceremony at Iveagh House in Dublin, the Irish Foreign Office. .